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Thursday, February 23, 2012

Iron Pillar of Delhi and Arch of Quwwat ul Islam Mosque

Today the Black and White Thursday photo of the week shows the arch ruin of the Quwwat ul Islam mosque and the Iron Pillar of Delhi.
The Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque (Might of Islam) (also known as the Qutb Mosque or the Great Mosque of Delhi) was built by Qutb-ud-din Aybak, founder of the Mamluk or Slave dynasty and expanded further by other sultans who succeeded him. The arch ruin of the mosque is a part of the mosque complex with the actual mosque standing separately. This arch is a part of the extension which Sultan Iltutmish (the successor of Qutb ud din Aybak) gave to the original mosque built by Qutb ud din Aibak.

Arch Ruin of Quwwat ul Islam Mosque and Iron Pillar on the right

The iron pillar of Delhi, India, (7.21 m (23 ft) high and 14354pounds (6511 kgs) in weight) is located right in front of the arch ruin of Quwwat ul Islam mosque and is is notable for the composition of the metals used in its construction. The pillar, is said to have been fashioned at the time of Chandragupta Vikramaditya (375–413) of the Gupta Empire, though some people give dates as early as 912 BC.

The pillar has attracted the attention of archaeologists and metallurgists and has been called "a testament to the skill of ancient Indian blacksmiths" because of its high resistance to corrosion, due to both the Delhi environment providing alternate wetting and drying conditions, and iron with high phosphorus content conferring protection by the formation of an even layer of crystalline iron hydrogen phosphate.

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